A Sand Cluster Provides a New Sustainable Eco-Tourism to the Beach Resort in the Philippines

Cagbalete Sand Clusters creates a new sustainable typology for eco-tourism, one that uplifts the local culture, which revolves around farming and fishery. Carlo Calma Consultancy Inc., a Philippine based architectural practice created the futuristic architectural piece packed with inspiring set of ideas and approaches for sustainable eco-tourism. 

Desired to create a community-building and nurturing ecology for its surroundings, Cagbalete Sand Clusters is a dynamic space for both its inhabitants and visiting tourists. This intermingling is vital to the Filipinos as an archipelagic country of 7,641 islands, each with its own distinct cultural and natural identities.


All imagaes ©️Carlo Calma Consultancy Inc.

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The design explores the inherent values of locality and sense of place in this project, but through more ethical means of development. The project integrates the programmatic and cultural context of its locale into the architecture, which is essentially a unit system, pre-fabricated set of parts that can grow horizontally or vertically.

The client wanted to create farm lots in a 3.8-hectare property in Cagbalete Island, Quezon province. With a radial site development, a hyperbolic cluster unit system is created that was largely inspired by corals, given the location's rich marine life and biodiversity.

The resulting structure is a mixed-use development: a private family home and a farm-to-table restaurant that focuses on the use of endemic plant species and seasonal mud crab farming. One of the considerations is that mud crab farming can help prevent soil erosion, and that the activity can also help protect the existing biodynamic mangroves in the area. The team also introduced local hapa nets into the design as a kind of membrane that gets mixed with local sand, soil, and mud, resulting in a new and localized patina, a biophilic membrane that creates an interesting footprint with the hyperbolic possibilities it offers. The hapa nets also function as a ‘veil’ over the structure, a translucent skin that masks sun and rain, but also serves as informal sleeping areas (mosquito beds) for afternoon siestas. They have elevated the humble hapa net into something beyond its utilitarian origins; it is now both part of the structure’s construction membrane, a tool for food production, and a web that facilitates the daily activities of the structure’s inhabitants, enmeshing time, culture, and space.

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The project envisions a farm-leisure community that is self-sustaining, where electricity is produced from bespoke solar umbrella pods, and where the spaces largely utilize natural ventilation. It aims to blur the boundaries between what is natural and artificial in this structure, opening it to transformation throughout different seasons, rain or shine. A wellness grotto with salt water is also present, together with mud and dipping pools where a sensorial experience awaits its users. At night, the development shines and transforms into a glowing, plankton-like space with multi-level galleries, performance spaces, and lighthouse functionality.

Cagbalete Sand Clusters won the Food Category of the WAFX Awards this year, and the project  is also a finalist in the 'Experimental' category of the World Architecture Festival, to be held this December 2021 in Lisbon, Portugal.

About Carlo Calma Consultancy Inc.

Carlo Calma Consultancy Inc. was incubated in 2009 to push the boundaries of design thinking, architectural practice, and construction. The firm is spearheaded by a diverse team of theorists, artists, architects, and engineers.

The philosophy of the company looks at the potential creative efforts, local-engagement, client-response, and contexts of sites and spaces as either cultural phenomena or gearing towards Filipino identity. With locality and a sensitive underlay of programmatic indexes and matrix, they create architectural fictions and address issues in both the corporate and private realms. This new way of thinking is creating new waves of enthusiastic architects who are creating new types of living, enigmatic resort spaces, new found objects turned bespoke apartments, seeds for change with commercial aspect - they are creating the typology of a dream come true.